Egyptians, arabs, greeks, crusaders, Germans, British, Israelites, Muslims, Mongols, and Israelis have all fought and died here. Students of the bible know it as the place where the cataclysmic battle between the forces of good and the forces of evil will unfold. Cline has participated in more than seventeen seasons of excavation and survey in Israel, Egypt, Jordan, Greece, and the United States.
The Battles of Armageddon: Megiddo and the Jezreel Valley from the Bronze Age to the Nuclear Age - Eric H. But few know that armageddon is a real place--one that has seen more fighting and bloodshed than any other spot on earth. Throughout history megiddo and the Jezreel Valley have been ground zero for battles that determined the very course of civilization. The end Time. Winner > best popular book on Archaeology --Biblical Archaeology Society Apocalypse.
The name armageddon is a corruption of the Hebrew phrase Har Megiddo, and it means "Mount of Megiddo. More than thirty bloody conflicts have been fought at the ancient site of Megiddo and adjacent areas of the Jezreel Valley during the past four thousand years.
From Eden to Exile: Unraveling Mysteries of the BibleNational Geographic - But, many agree that the flood was no myth but the cultural memory of a real, catastrophic inundation, though no serious scholar would undertake such a literal search, retold and reshaped over countless generations. Many interesting illustrations and Two or three maps of Holy Land. Along the way, our most informed understanding of ancient Israel comes alive with dramatic but accurate detail in this groundbreaking and entertaining book by one of the rising stars in the field.
In this provocative yet persuasive book, now in paperback, Eric H. Likewise, some experts suggest that joshua’s storied victory at Jericho is the distant echo of an earthquake instead of Israel’s sacred trumpetsa fascinating, geologically plausible theory that remains unproven despite the best efforts of scientific research.
From Eden to Exile: Unraveling Mysteries of the Bible - Cline places these and other Biblical stories in solid archaeological and historical context and reserves judgment on ideas that cannot yet be confirmed or denied. Combining academic with an accessible style that has made him a favorite with readers and students alike, evaluates all available evidencefrom established fact to arguable assumption to far-fetched leap of faithand proposes an explanation that reconciles Scripture, science, he lays out each mystery, and history.
Numerous amateur archaeologists have sought some trace of Noah’s Ark to meet only with failure. Cline uses the tools of his trade to examine some of the most puzzling mysteries from the Hebrew Bible and, in the process, to narrate the history of ancient Israel.
Israel: A Concise History of a Nation RebornEcco - Accessible, and rigorous, levelheaded, Israel sheds light on the Israel’s past so we can understand its future. Many interesting illustrations and Two or three maps of Holy Land. Guiding us through the milestones of Israeli history, Gordis relays the drama of the Jewish people’s story and the creation of the state.
Winner of the jewish book of the year awardthe first comprehensive yet accessible history of the state of Israel from its inception to present day, from Daniel Gordis, "one of the most respected Israel analysts" The Forward living and writing in Jerusalem. Israel is a tiny state, aroused its imagination, and yet it has captured the world’s attention, and lately, been the object of its opprobrium.
Israel: A Concise History of a Nation Reborn - The result is a vivid portrait of a people, and a nation, reborn. Though israel’s history is rife with conflict, these conflicts do not fully communicate the spirit of Israel and its people: they give short shrift to the dream that gave birth to the state, and to the vision for the Jewish people that was at its core.
Why does such a small country speak to so many global concerns? more pressingly: Why does Israel make the decisions it does? And what lies in its future?We cannot answer these questions until we understand Israel’s people and the questions and conflicts, the hopes and desires, that have animated their conversations and actions.
Clear-eyed and erudite, he illustrates how Israel became a cultural, economic and military powerhouse—but also explains where Israel made grave mistakes and traces the long history of Israel’s deepening isolation. With israel, and political history of this complex nation, economic, public intellectual Daniel Gordis offers us a brief but thorough account of the cultural, from its beginnings to the present.
1177 B.C.: The Year Civilization Collapsed Turning Points in Ancient HistoryPrinceton University Press - Many interesting illustrations and Two or three maps of Holy Land. 1177 b c the year Civilization Collapsed. The thriving economy and cultures of the late second millennium B. C. Technology, which had stretched from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, suddenly ceased to exist, along with writing systems, and monumental architecture.
. In 1177 B. C. Marauding groups known only as the "Sea Peoples" invaded Egypt. After centuries of brilliance, the civilized world of the Bronze Age came to an abrupt and cataclysmic end. How did it happen?in this major new account of the causes of this "First Dark Ages, ranging from invasion and revolt to earthquakes, " Eric Cline tells the gripping story of how the end was brought about by multiple interconnected failures, drought, and the cutting of international trade routes.
Sheds new light on the complex ties that gave rise to, and ultimately destroyed, the flourishing civilizations of the Late Bronze Age―and that set the stage for the emergence of classical Greece. Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the course of just a few decades. No more Minoans or Mycenaeans. But the sea peoples alone could not have caused such widespread breakdown.
1177 B.C.: The Year Civilization Collapsed Turning Points in Ancient History - Bringing to life the vibrant multicultural world of these great civilizations, he draws a sweeping panorama of the empires and globalized peoples of the Late Bronze Age and shows that it was their very interdependence that hastened their dramatic collapse and ushered in a dark age that lasted centuries.
A compelling combination of narrative and the latest scholarship, 1177 B.
Jerusalem: The BiographyVintage - Vintage Books. How did this small, the “center of the world” and now the key to peace in the Middle East? In a gripping narrative, remote town become the Holy City, Simon Sebag Montefiore reveals this ever-changing city in its many incarnations, bringing every epoch and character blazingly to life.
This is an essential book for those who wish to understand a city that remains a nexus of world affairs. Booklist starredjerusalem is the epic history of three thousand years of faith, Christianity, from the birth of Judaism, fanaticism, bloodshed, and coexistence, from King David to the 21st century, and Islam to the Israel-Palestine conflict.
In this masterful narrative, simon sebag montefiore brings the holy city to life and draws on the latest scholarship, his own family history, and a lifetime of study to show that the story of Jerusalem is truly the story of the world. A new york times notable book jewish book Council Book of the Year Many interesting illustrations and Two or three maps of Holy Land.
Jerusalem: The Biography - 1177 b c the year Civilization Collapsed. As well as the many ordinary jerusalemites who have left their mark on the city, caligula and churchill; from Abraham to Jesus and Muhammad; from the ancient world of Jezebel, Lincoln, Rasputin, Mark Twain, its cast varies from Solomon, Herod and Nero to the modern times of the Kaiser, Disraeli, Nebuchadnezzar, Saladin and Suleiman the Magnificent to Cleopatra, Lawrence of Arabia and Moshe Dayan.
Jerusalem’s biography is told through the wars, and revelations of the men and women who created, love affairs, destroyed, chronicled and believed in Jerusalem.
Three Stones Make a Wall: The Story of ArchaeologyPrinceton University Press - Written by eric cline, an archaeologist with more than thirty seasons of excavation experience, this book traces the history of archaeology from an amateur pursuit to the cutting-edge science it is today by taking the reader on a tour of major archaeological sites and discoveries. In 1922, howard carter peered into Tutankhamun’s tomb for the first time, the only light coming from the candle in his outstretched hand.
Along the way, it addresses the questions archaeologists are asked most often: how do you know where to dig? How are excavations actually done? How do you know how old something is? Who gets to keep what is found? Taking readers from the pioneering digs of the eighteenth century to today’s exciting new discoveries, Three Stones Make a Wall is a lively and essential introduction to the story of archaeology.
Three Stones Make a Wall: The Story of Archaeology - Urged to tell what he was seeing through the small opening he had cut in the door to the tomb, the Egyptologist famously replied, “I see wonderful things. Carter’s fabulous discovery is just one of the many spellbinding stories told in Three Stones Make a Wall. Many interesting illustrations and Two or three maps of Holy Land.
1177 b c the year Civilization Collapsed. Vintage Books.
A Brief History of Ancient IsraelWestminster John Knox Press - With an accessible yet high-quality introduction, A Brief History of Ancient Israel will be of immense value to both students of the Old Testament and the scholars who teach them. Many interesting illustrations and Two or three maps of Holy Land. 1177 b c the year Civilization Collapsed. Using supplemental figures and insets, the author concentrates on providing a cogent and condensed discussion of events.
Grounded in the latest archeological developments, the monarchy, conquest and settlement, Victor Matthews's A Brief History of Ancient Israel presents a concise history of Israel covering the ancestral period, and both the exilic and postexilic periods. Vintage Books. He examines historical geography, and, where relevant, archaeological data, comparative cultural materials from other ancient Near Eastern civilizations.
A History of the Ancient Near East, ca. 3000-323 BC Blackwell History of the Ancient WorldWiley-Blackwell - Incorporating the latest scholarly research, the third edition of A History of the Ancient Near East ca. Integrates the most up-to-date research, and includes a richer selection of supplementary materials addresses the wide variety of political, including 12 color photos Features a new chapter addressing governance and continuity in the region during the Persian Empire Offers in-depth, social, and cultural developments in the ancient Near East Updated features include new “Key Debate” boxes at the end of each chapter to engage students with various perspectives on a range of critical issues; a comprehensive timeline of events; and 46 new illustrations, accessible discussions of key texts and sources, including the Bible and the Epic of Gilgamesh Many interesting illustrations and Two or three maps of Holy Land.
1177 b c the year Civilization Collapsed. 3000–323 bc presents a comprehensive overview of the multicultural civilizations of the ancient Near East. Vintage Books. Wiley-Blackwell.
Palestinian Identity: The Construction of Modern National ConsciousnessColumbia University Press - This foundational text now features a new introduction by Rashid Khalidi reflecting on the significance of his work over the past decade and its relationship to the struggle for Palestinian nationhood. Khalidi also casts an eye to the future, noting the strength of Palestinian identity and social solidarity yet wondering whether current trends will lead to Palestinian statehood and independence.
Many interesting illustrations and Two or three maps of Holy Land. 1177 b c the year Civilization Collapsed. Wiley-Blackwell. Vintage Books.
Oriental Neighbors: Middle Eastern Jews and Arabs in Mandatory Palestine The Schusterman Series in Israel StudiesBrandeis University Press - Integrating mandatory palestine and its inhabitants into the contemporary Semitic-Levantine surroundings, Oriental Neighbors illuminates broad areas of cooperation and coexistence, which coincided with conflict and friction, between Oriental and Sephardi Jews and their Arab neighbors. Focusing on oriental jews and their relations with their arab neighbors in Mandatory Palestine, this book analyzes the meaning of the hybrid Arab-Jewish identity that existed among Oriental Jews, social, and discusses their unique role as political, and cultural mediators between Jews and Arabs.
Vintage Books. The book brings the oriental jewish community to the fore, examines its role in the Zionist nation-building process, and studies its diverse and complex links with the Arab community in Palestine. Wiley-Blackwell. Many interesting illustrations and Two or three maps of Holy Land. 1177 b c the year Civilization Collapsed.
The Crusades, Christianity, and Islam Bampton Lectures in AmericaColumbia University Press - Europeans fashioned an interpretation of the Crusades from the writings of Walter Scott and a French contemporary, Joseph-François Michaud. Michaud, glorified crusading, in contrast, and his followers used its imagery to illuminate imperial adventures. From this history, riley-smith traces the legacy of the Crusades into modern times, specifically within the attitudes of European imperialists and colonialists and within the beliefs of twentieth-century Muslims.
The crusades were penitential war-pilgrimages fought in the Levant and the eastern Mediterranean, Poland, Portugal, the Balkans, as well as in North Africa, Hungary, Spain, the Baltic region, and Western Europe. Scott portrayed islamic societies as forward-thinking, while casting Christian crusaders as culturally backward and often morally corrupt.
Beginning in the eleventh century and ending as late as the eighteenth, these holy wars were waged against Muslims and other enemies of the Church, enlisting generations of laymen and laywomen to fight for the sake of Christendom. Crusading features prominently in today's religio-political hostilities, pan-Islamists, yet the perceptions of these wars held by Arab nationalists, and many in the West have been deeply distorted by the language and imagery of nineteenth-century European imperialism.
The Crusades, Christianity, and Islam Bampton Lectures in America - In order to understand the preoccupations of Islamist jihadis and the character of Western discourse on the Middle East, Riley-Smith argues, we must understand how images of crusading were formed in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Wiley-Blackwell. Vintage Books. Whether regarded as a valid expression of Christianity's divine enterprise or condemned as a weapon of empire, crusading has been a powerful rhetorical tool for centuries.